Telecom Commission clears in-flight connectivity
Tue, 01 May 2018 11:19:00 +0000
The Telecom Commission of India has approved the proposal of providing in-flight connectivity for data and voice services. The proposal was floated last year by the Department of Telecom.

Announcing the decision, Civil Aviation Minster Suresh Prabhu said that these are "Exciting times ahead in Indian skies as Telecom Commission approved data and voice services in flights over Indian airspace." 

The proposal has already been cleared by Home Ministry and with the Telecom Commission clearing the proposal, flyers can expect these services to be available in near future. The pricing of provding these services has been left to individual airlines as of now.
A cockroach can live for weeks without head
Tue, 01 May 2018 10:55:00 +0000
A cockroach can live for weeks without its head. Due to their open circulatory system and its ability to breathe through little holes in each of their body segments, they are not dependent on mouth or head to breathe. It dies because without a mouth, it can't drink water and dies of thirst.
Hummingbird
Tue, 01 May 2018 10:41:00 +0000

Hummingbirds are know so because of the humming sound created by their beating wings which flap at high frequencies audible to humans.

Females are around 2.4 in (6 cm) in length, whilst smaller males reach only 2.2 in (5.5 cm); their wingspan is around 1.5 in (3 cm).
First Hat-trick in Test cricket
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 18:13:00 +0000

The first hat-trick in Test cricket was recorded on 2 January 1879, in only the third Test match to take place, by the Australian pace bowler Fred Spofforth.

Boolean Algebra
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 18:09:00 +0000
Boolean Algebra was introduced by George Boole in his first book ‘The Mathematical Analysis of Logic (1847)’.

Snippets

Khelo India Inititative
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 17:51:00 +0000

The Khelo India programme has been introduced by Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports  to revive the sports culture in India at the grass-root level by building a strong framework for all sports played in our country and establish India as a great sporting nation.


To accomplish the above objectives, Khelo India programme has been divided into 12 verticals, namely:



Talented players identified in priority sports disciplines at various levels by the High-Powered Committee will be provided annual financial assistance of INR 5 lakh per annum for 8 years.

Khelo India School Games, which are a part of the Khelo India programme, are being held from 31st January to 8th February, 2018 in New Delhi. Under-17 athletes have been invited to participate across 16 disciplines, which are as follows: Archery, Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Boxing, Football, Gymnastics, Hockey, Judo, Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, Shooting, Swimming, Volleyball, Weightlifting, and Wrestling.
What is the Digital India Program?
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 17:18:00 +0000
Digital India logo
The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
The journey of e-Governance initiatives in India took a broader dimension in mid 90s for wider sectoral applications with emphasis on citizen-centric services. Later on, many States/UTs started various e-Governance projects. Though these e-Governance projects were citizen-centric, they could make lesser than the desired impact. Government of India launched National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) in 2006. 31 Mission Mode Projects covering various domains were initiated. Despite the successful implementation of many e-Governance projects across the country, e-Governance as a whole has not been able to make the desired impact and fulfil all its objectives. 

In order to transform the entire ecosystem of public services through the use of information technology, the Government of India has launched the Digital India programme with the vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. 

Three visions of Digital India


The Digital India programme is centred on three key vision areas:
  • Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen
  • Governance & Services on Demand
  • Digital Empowerment of Citizens

Institutional Mechanism of Digital India program


The central ministries/departments and state governments concerned would have the overall responsibility for implementation of various Mission Mode and other projects under the Digital India Programme.
CBSE Results and Certificates can now be accessed through DigiLocker
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 16:10:00 +0000

CBSE declares its results through various mediums listed below:
Starting 2016 results (http://cbse.nic.in/attach/PRESS%20RELEASE-2016%20XII.pdf), CBSE will also provide Class XII digital mark sheets in DigiLocker at https://digilocker.gov.in. The DigiLocker account credentials will be sent to students via SMS on their mobile number registered with CBSE.

Students can get digital marksheet, pass certificate and migration certificate of CBSE through DigiLocker. Certificates in Digital form are already available for 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 while the legacy data is being built up.For this CBSE has collaborated with National Academic Depository (NAD) as the service provider.

The CBSE Class XII results will also be available via Android mobile app “DigiResults”
 


Driving Licenses and Vehicle Registration Certificates can now be accessed through DigiLocker
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 16:05:00 +0000
Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping and Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister of Electronics & Information Technology and Law & Justice jointly launched a new service - integration of DigiLocker with Driving Licenses (DL) & Vehicle Registration Certificates (RC) in New Delhi on 07-September-2016. 


With this integration people will no longer need to carry around physical copies of their RCs and Driving Licences. They can instead access digital copies of the same on their mobile phones via the DigiLocker mobile app.
Driving Licenses and Vehicle Registration documents can now be issued directly to the DigiLockers of individuals in digital formats. These digital copies can be shared with other departments as identity and address proof.
(Source: PIB Press Release dated 07-September-2017, http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=149602)


How to Sign up for DigiLocker?
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 16:02:00 +0000

Signing up for DigiLocker is easy, all you need is your mobile number.
  • Your mobile number will be authenticated by sending an OTP (one-time password) followed by selecting a username & password. This will create your DigiLocker account.

  • After your DigiLocker account is successfully created, you can voluntarily provide your Aadhaar number (issued by UIDAI) to avail additional services.

What is DigiLocker?
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 15:59:00 +0000
DigiLocker is Govt of India's cloud platform for storage, sharing and verification of documents & certificates. The facility is can be used by any Indian citizen who is willing to voluntarily link his or her Aadhaar number with the DigiLocker account.


The DigiLocker account can be accessed via one of the below:

StakeholdersThe following are the key stakeholders in the DigiLocker system:
  • Issuer: Entity issuing e-documents to individuals in a standard format and making them electronically available e.g. CBSE, Registrar Office, Income Tax department, etc.

  • Requester: Entity requesting secure access to a particular e-document stored within a repository (e.g. University, Passport Office, Regional Transport Office, etc.)

  • Resident: An individual who uses the Digital Locker service based on Aadhaar number.

Structure
  • Repository: Collection of e-documents that is exposed via standard APIs for secure, real-time access.

  • Access Gateway: Secure online mechanism for requesters to access e-documents from various repositories in real-time using URI (Uniform Resource Indicator).
  • DigiLocker Portal: Dedicated cloud based personal storage space, linked to each resident’s Aadhaar for storing e-documents, or URIs of e-documents.

Security
  1. Standard Practices: DigiLocker follows standard software development practices of uniform coding standards, guidelines and reviews. Every release is reviewed and tested internally for security and penetration vulnerabilities before getting deployed on our servers.

  2. 256 Bit SSL Encryption: DigiLocker uses 256 bit secure socket layer (SSL) Encryption for information transmitted during any activity.

  3. Mobile Authentication based Sign Up: DigiLocker uses mobile authentication based signup via OTP (one time password) for authenticating users and allowing access to the platform.

  4. Aadhaar Authentication based Issued Document Access: To receive issued documents from registered issuers, citizens need to authenticate themselves using Aadhaar's Biometric or Mobile OTP authentication service.
  5. ISO 27001 certified Data Centre: The application is hosted in a ISO 27001 security certified data centre.
  6. Data Redundancy: Data is backed up in secure environment with proper redundancy.

  7. Timed Log Out: To protect citizen’s account from unauthorized access, our system is designed to terminate session automatically if extended inactivity is detected.

  8. Security Audit: The DigiLocker application has been security audited by a recognized audit agency and the application security audit certificate has been obtained.

  9. User Consent Based System: The data from DigiLocker is shared only with the citizen's explicit consent. All sharing and access activities are logged and conveyed to the citizen. Organizations that need access to citizens' certificates need to register on DigiLocker and seek explicit consent from the citizen.

Advantages
  1. Citizens can access their digital documents anytime, anywhere and share it online. This is convenient and time saving.

  2. It reduces the administrative overhead of Government departments by minimizing the use of paper.

  3. Digital Locker makes it easier to validate the authenticity of documents as they are issued directly by the registered issuers.

  4. Self-uploaded documents can be eSigned which is similar to the process of self-attestation. 
What is the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Programme?
Mon, 30 Apr 2018 15:50:00 +0000

The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao program is a joint initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It aims to address the issue of the declining child sex ratio image (CSR)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Beti Bachao Beti Padhao programme along with the Sukanya Samriddhi account programme on 22 January 2015 in a bid to do away with skewed sex ratio and promote education for girl children.

The overall goal of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme is to prevent gender-biased sex-selective elimination, ensure survival and protection of the girl child and ensure education of the girl child.

MPEG
Sun, 29 Apr 2018 10:48:00 +0000
'MPEG’ is acronym for ‘Moving Pictures Experts Group’ that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standard for audio and video compression and transmission.


The International Hockey Federation (FIH) 2017 Hockey Star Awards
Sat, 17 Mar 2018 15:38:00 +0000
The International Hockey Federation (FIH) announced the 2017 Hockey Stars Awards winners at Berlin, Germany on February 5th 2018:

• Delfina Merino (
Argentina) -  Female Player of the Year

• Arthur Van Doren (Belgium) - Male Player of the Year and Rising Star of Year

• Maria Jose Granatto (Argentina) - Female Rising Star of the Year

• Madie Hinch (England) - Female Goalkeeper of the Year  

• Vincent Vanasch (Belgium) - Male Goalkeeper of the Year  

• Alyson Annan (Australia) - Female Coach of the Year  

• Max Caldas (Argentina) and Shane McLeod (New Zealand) - Male Coach of the Year  

• Sarah Wilson (Scotland) - Female Umpire of the Year

• John Wright (South Africa) - Male Umpire of the Year 

FIH 2017 Hockey Awards



A Hindu Woman has been elected to Pakistan Senate
Sun, 04 Mar 2018 10:33:00 +0000
As per the report in Dawn (a newspaper based in Pakistan), Krishna Kumari Kohli has been elected to the Pakistan Senate. She was elected from as seat reserved for woman in Sindh as a candidate for Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) which is lead by Bilawal Bhutto Zardari. This is a historic first for a Hindu woman.
                                                                                                       (Pic Courtesy: Facebook | Krish Kumari)
Krishna Kumari Kohli (Pakistan Peoples Party)
She is a right activists belonging to the Kohli community based in remote village of Dhana Gam in Nagarparkar.
KohliCo, 39, had joined the PPP as a social activist along with her brother, who was later elected as Chairman of Union Council Bernao.
Pakistan's ruling PML-N of ousted prime minster Nawaz Sharif has won 15 seats in Senate and has become the largest party in the upper house of the parliament.

National Science Day (India)
Thu, 01 Mar 2018 04:53:00 +0000
National Science Day is celebrated in India on February 28 each year to mark the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on 28 February 1928.

For his discovery, Sir C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which the then Govt. of India accepted and declared the day as National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.
What is Raman Effect?
Raman Effect is a phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist while working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.
Raman Effect, change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules. When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light; its presence is a result of the Raman Effect.
CBI Arrests Karti Chidambaram
Wed, 28 Feb 2018 19:48:00 +0000
 CBI arrested Karti Chidambaram, son of former Finance Minister P. Chidambaran, in INX Money laundering case. He was arrested in Chennai and taken to New Delhi. He was later produced in Patiala House Court, Delhi which remanded him to one day police custody.

The CBI had registered an FIR on May 15 last year against alleged irregularities in the FIPB clearance to INX Media for receiving overseas funds to the tune of Rs 305 crore in 2007 when Chidambaram was the Union finance minister. It is alleged that Karti had received funds to the tune of Rs 10 lakh in the case.
The International Day of Older Persons
Wed, 21 Feb 2018 10:04:00 +0000

The International Day of Older Persons is observed on October 1 each year. On December 14, 1990 the United Nations General Assembly (by resolution 45/106) designated 1 October the International Day of Older Persons.


This was preceded by initiatives such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing – which was adopted by the 1982 World Assembly on Ageing – and endorsed later that year by the UN General Assembly.
In 1991, the General Assembly (by resolution 46/91) adopted the United Nations Principles for Older Persons.

In 2002, the Second World Assembly on Ageing adopted the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing, to respond to the opportunities and challenges of population ageing in the 21st century and to promote the development of a society for all ages.
World Radio Day
Tue, 20 Feb 2018 06:56:00 +0000
World Radio Day is an annual United Nations (UN) event that promotes the importance of the radio in communicating information worldwide. It is celebrated annually on February 13.

Radio is the mass medium reaching the widest audience in the world. It is also recognized as a powerful communication tool and a low cost medium. Radio is specifically suited to reach remote communities and vulnerable people: the illiterate, the disabled, women, youth and the poor, while offering a platform to intervene in the public debate, irrespective of people's educational level.

Following a request from the Spanish Radio Academy, on 20 September 2010 Spain proposed that the UNESCO Executive Board include an agenda item on the proclamation of a World Radio Day.

There was deliberations among the member nations in UNESCO's 36th General Conference on 3 November 2011. It was proclaimed that World Radio Day be celebrated on February 13 which is also the the day when United Nations Radio was established in 1946.
The High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 2018
Mon, 19 Feb 2018 17:01:00 +0000
To align the salaries of judges with those of government servants after the 7th Pay Commission, the The High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 2018 was passed  in the winter session of Parliament in January 2018. On January 30th 2018, the government has issued notification to bring the act into law.

Designation
New Salary
(per month)
Existing Current Salary
(per month)
The Chief Justice of India (CJI)
Rs 2,80,000
Rs 1,00,000
Judges of the Supreme Court (other than the CJI)
 Rs 2,50,000
Rs 90,000
Chief Justices of high courts 
 Rs 2,50,000
Rs 90,000
Judges of the High Court (other than the Chief Justice)
 Rs 2,25,000
Rs 80,000



The High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Act, 2018 will also revise the rates of house rent allowance with effect from 1 July 2017 and the rates of sumptuary allowance with effect from 22 September 2017.


The move will also benefit 2,500 retired judges. Now, the salary of judges will be at par with those of the bureaucrats following the implementation of the recommendations of the 7th pay panel.

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